The principles of a New Reformation
Baicu Gabriel

Biblical essays




Gabriel Baicu

Content of essays

God from Hegel to Nietzsche and from Nietzsche to Heidegger (08. 02. 2013)  All important philosophers, in the East European, and West European traditions were preoccupied also, directly or indirectly, by the concept of God, and even by the possibility of His existence, or, at least, by the possibility of speaking about His existence, in a meaningful way. The philosophy of religion is concerned with what can be called, in Kantian terms, the “conditions of possibility” of the religious sphere. From Nietzsche to Heidegger there has been a sustained critique of the metaphysical presuppositions of Western religious belief. According to Derrida’s claim modern Western philosophy has been obsessed by ‘foundationalism,’ which means the assumed task of philosophy to uncover the ultimate foundations of knowledge and reality. In Western and Middle Eastern religious views, God was seen as (arche), the foundation or ground of being, and an important metaphysical deployment was needed in order to make sense of someone who is, in the same time, transcendental, and also involved intimately with the human nature. What is difficult to accept through faith, which is always shadowed by reason, is even more difficult to demonstrate through reason, and more so, when faith lacks. The history of metaphysics encountered numerous obstacles in demonstrating rationally the possibility of the existence of God, ... (read more!) Heidegger and the word of Nietzsche: “God is dead.” (08. 02. 2013) In analysing Nietzsche’s philosophy, Deleuze reinserted that, “morality has replaced religion as a dogma and that science is increasingly replacing morality.” Is there any connection between these affirmations and the word of Nietzsche: “God is dead?” In a sense I think it is. Of course Nietzsche’s philosophy presents a very complex mechanism, which is intended to dismantle, what was dominant and determinant in the European history for so long, namely, the Christian doctrine. The Judeo-Christian tradition was formed as a very complicate process in which many elements must be considered. After becoming official, in the Roman Empire, in 313 A.D., Christianity transformed itself under the political pressure, exercised on it, by the leadership of the Roman state and mainly by the Roman emperor Constantine. From a morality, emphasizing peace more than anything else, Christianity was transformed in a politico-religious ideology, able to be an adequate instrument for the ruling of millions of peoples. ... (read more!) Nietzsche’s vision of Christianity (08. 03. 2013) In this essay I will try to see what are the main pillars of Nietzsche’s thought, responsible for his critique of Christianity, and consequently of its influence in the Western societies. His conception about life, human nature, will and morality is analyzed to the extent to which the size of this essay allows. First of all, I argue that the way Nietzsche understands life it is only a possible form of life, namely the human life, but there is nothing to prevent thinking about more evolved forms of life, which are, in a sense outside the human life, being life nevertheless. As such, God can be life, but a qualitatively superior life, and the intersection of His life with ours can give an all together different modality of thinking. Nietzsche’s philosophy is available only if human life can be considered the only form of life, but we know that there are other forms of life, ... (read more!)


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